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Whether you have a puppy or an older dog, it's never too late to start teaching your dog basic commands. From beginner cues like "sit" and "touch" to more advanced cues like "stay" and "close" that require more impulse control, your dog should be trained using fun, relaxed methods and each command can have real use outside of training.
Basic dog commands are also great for preventing dog behavior problems from developing in the future.
The main commands for dogs in Ukrainian can sound like this: “sit”, “lie down”, “come to me”, “fu”, “give”, “beside”. But for a dog it does not matter as the sounding word-signal itself, and what it means, the main thing is the use of this sound combination constantly in the same context. “Sit” is a valuable command because it can be used before opening the front door or before crossing the road, while “come” is a command that allows your dog to be off-leash but teaches him to come back to you, when you need. Signals like “fu” and “give” can help prevent dog resource guarding by making sharing food and toys a game for your dog. Teaching your puppy to walk on a loose leash can help prevent leash tension and reactivity in the future.
If you're already wondering how to teach your dog commands, then remember that dogs of any breed, age, and size can learn these basic commands through positive training methods.Finding what motivates your dog is important! Many people ask how to teach a dog commands if he is old/fat/lazy/stubborn/etc. But there really is no such thing as a "stubborn" or "stubborn" dog - you just need to find the right motivation. Treats, toys, and praise are common motivators when learning basic commands. Every dog learns at a different pace, so be patient and make learning fun. Always end every workout on a good note and make sure your dog feels good with lots of praise and positive vibes from you.
Often people wonder how to teach a German Shepherd dog commands, how to teach my Labrador / Bulldog / Pug commands, and the answer is one - positive training methods are suitable for all breeds of dogs, although of course there are certain differences regarding size and body structure.
Positive training methods are also the answer to the question of how to teach a dog the commands to voice, give a paw, lie down, stand, fu and many others. Almost the only question that cannot be answered with positive training methods is how to teach a dog the command to face, because for this the emotions of fear of the animal are used, which is not at all humane.
If you teach your dog fewer commands at a time and reinforce certain commands before moving on to the next one, it will be easier for him to learn. When you start learning a new command, make sure you use his favorite rewards to motivate him and teach each command in short ten minute sessions several times a day. When he learns the signal and the required behavior, you can use this command in real life situations.
So, let's figure out how to teach a dog commands that will be useful to you in later life.
Basic dog commands
1. The command "sit" is the first signal many dog owners want to teach their dog or puppy. This prompt can be used when you need a puppy or dog to focus their attention at a specific time; for example, at the curb before crossing the road, in front of a bowl of food, at the front door when someone comes in, and before tying a leash.
- You can quickly and painlessly teach your dog to sit by following these simple and easy steps.
- Hold a treat near your dog's nose and wait for him to sit down. The dog will lick or touch your hand with treats, but don't give them until he has his butt on the floor. Repeat this until your dog sits securely, and then add the word "sit" when he sits so he starts to associate that word with the action. Using toys to teach this instead of food is also effective if your dog is more motivated by toys.
- As with any other command, teach this in short steps so your dog doesn't get bored, and be mindful of your puppy's or dog's physical comfort. Too much sitting may not be in vain.
During training you should not:
- Never force a dog or puppy to sit.
- Do not use the leash or force it on your body to get it into position.
- These tricks confuse and scare your dog.
2. Command "to me"
Most puppies instinctively follow you. However, it usually takes months of consistency and positive learning to make this a reliable behavior. The easiest way to associate your new puppy or dog with "come back" is to motivate your dog in such a way that returning to you is always a good experience. Set your dog up for success by letting him react easily and make sure you walk at your dog's pace, only moving on to the next step if your dog is successful in the previous one.
The surprise command is essential to safety and should be the first signal you teach your puppy or new dog.
- Start in a distraction-free environment so your dog can only focus on you.
- Move a few steps away from the dog and say the signal "come" and as soon as the puppy approaches you - reward it with more praise, a toy or goodies.
- Every time your puppy or dog approaches you on its own, reward it.
- Through this exercise, your dog will understand that coming to you is really good. After a while, you can increase the distance between you and start using the word as he walks towards you from a greater distance. Coming to you should always be rewarded, no matter the circumstances and no matter how long it took your dog to react.
- Motivate your dog to come by by running away from him, by waving a toy, or by giving him delicious food when he comes to you. This will show him that getting back to you is the best thing he can do.
What not to do:
- If you want to reliably recall a dog, don't chase it unless it's an emergency. Dogs love to play chase.
- If you yell a command to your dog several times and he doesn't come back to you, don't rebuke him when he eventually does. It is, of course, annoying when your dog ignores you, but if you get angry when he finally comes, he is unlikely to do so the next time you call him.
- Under no circumstances should the recall involve the use of a shock collar (remote collar, e-collar, etc.)
3.The “fu” signal will teach your dog invaluable impulse control, which can be useful in many situations. It could be food that fell on the floor, something your dog picked up on a walk, another dog, or even a child.
Like surprise, this is an important safety signal and should be taught as soon as your new puppy or dog joins your family. This cue teaches your dog to keep his nose away from something, but not let anything out of his mouth. If you want your dog to release something from his mouth, you should learn the command "give" or "spit" (not in the sense of the words, just the technique for teaching these commands will be different from the command "fu").
- Hold the piece of food with your fingers, leave it just a little sticky so your dog doesn't have easy access to it.
- Hold the food up to your dog's nose and let him guess how he can get it.
- Your dog may try to sniff, bite, or paw the hand with the treat, but do not give him food until he flinches for a moment, stopping and moving his nose back or turning his head away.
- When he makes any move to move away, praise him and give him the food you are holding in your hand.
- Repeat this exercise several times until your dog decides to take his nose off the food.
- Now add the word "fu" as he moves his head back. This will create an association between the cue and the action. Repeat this process several times. Once he answers securely, ask him to leave it as soon as you reach out to him; then reward him for doing so. Now that you've created an association with the word and the action, you can make it harder for your dog.
- Put food on your open palm so he can see and smell it.
- Place food on the table or floor.
- Put your dog on a leash and lead him past the treats on the floor.
- Keep repeating the exercise, placing other objects on the floor - preferably the things you want him to leave alone.
- When your dog does well with this command at home, you can start using it outside.
Teaching your dog or puppy basic commands is important for overall safety and is a great way to strengthen the bond and communication skills between you. But these basic commands are also the building blocks you will need later in life to allow you to change more serious and complex solutions to a behavior problem, such as aggression. It is much safer, more efficient, and more humane to train animals using the general concept of rewarding behaviors that you enjoy, which is more likely to result in those behaviors being repeated. It's never too early or too late to start teaching your dog these commands, and you'll also benefit from an enriching communication process for both you and your dog.